Biomass Energy, Forests and Climate Library

Welcome to the Biomass Energy, Forests and Climate library. It has been brought together by the Forest, Climate and Biomass Working Group of the Environmental Paper Network. We want activists, communities, scholars – anyone who’s interested in forest biomass issues – to be able to find all the key resources in one place. So we’ve gathered together key resources that present case studies and explain the science behind biomass energy and its impacts on forests and climate.

To use the library, you’ll see that the resources are organised into a few categories, so you can search by topic, geographic location, date and language. You can also use the search box to enter anything you like that might help you in your search – key words, authors, organisations, whatever will lead you to what you want.

When you get results for your search, it’ll tell you how many resources that has identified and, for each one, it will show you what sort of resource it is – pdf document, video, etc – and will give a short summary of what it contains. Click on the title to be taken straight to the resource itself. If you want to find out more about the organisation that produced the resource or the publication in which it was published, click on the Organisation/Publication name and it will take you to their web page.

If you have any suggestions for resources we should have in this library or any comments about it, please contact us. You may also find our Frequently Asked Questions helpful.

350 RESULTS

Author: Biofuelwatch
Date: 2023
Location: Continent - Europe, Country - Finland, Country - Sweden, Country - Portugal
Language: English
Type of resource: Video
Topics: Bioeconomy, Climate, Forests and Biodiversity
Summary:

Webinar, focussing on the EU-s three largest pulp and paper-producing countries: Sweden, Finland and Portugal.

Pulp and paper companies are increasingly investing in biomass plants which burn sometimes very large quantities of wood additional to the energy needs of the pulp mills themselves. Excess electricity is sold to the grid – a lucrative deal due to biomass subsidies and the exemption of biomass energy from the EU Emissions Trading Scheme.

Author: Fernando Antunes Amaral
Date: 2023
Location: Country - Portugal
Language: English
Type of resource: Video
Topics: Bioeconomy, Forests and Biodiversity
Summary:

Very powerful video on the impacts of pulp and paper production in Portugal where the forest industry is also a major producer of biomass energy.

Author: Trend Asia
Date: 2023
Location: Worldwide, Country - Indonesia
Language: Bahasa
Type of resource: Video
Topics: Bioeconomy
Summary:

Understanding biomass co-firing in Indonesia's coal-fired power plants - a video by Trend Asia explaining the problems of co-firing excellently. In Bahasa with English subtitles

Author: Forest Peoples Programme
Date: 2023
Location: Worldwide
Language: Bahasa
Type of resource: Briefing
Topics: Carbon accounting, Climate, Global South, Land use
Summary:

Selama beberapa dekade, masyarakat adat serta yang mewakilkan mereka telah menuntut agar semua kebijakan, pendanaan dan program-program yang bermaksud menangani perkara krisis iklim agar tetap menghormati dan melindungi hak-hak mereka, budaya mereka, serta kehidupan dan pengetahuan mereka. Mereka telah menekankan bahwa mereka harus diperlakukan sebagai pelaku utama – sebagai pihak yang memiliki hak – dalam implementasi solusi-solusi iklim.

Salah satu solusi iklim yang digagaskan dan sedang mendapat perhatian banyak dalam diskusi-diskusi iklim di berbagai tingkatan, adalah ‘pasar karbon’.

Banyak masyarakat dan kelompok adat yang telah dihadadapi oleh pihak-pihak pengembang pasar karbon di wilayah mereka sendiri, dan masyarakat/kelompok ini menyatakan bahwa mereka ingin memiliki lebih banyak informasi tentang topik ini agar lebih paham terdahulu tentang apa pasar karbon dan bagaimana hal tersebut akan berimbas pada mereka. Bahasa teknis dan rumit yang seringkali dogunakan dalam diskusi tentang pasar-pasar ini tidak membantu dalam menjelaskan poin-poin yang ingin disampaikan pada masyarakat. Susunan “artikel uraian” ini adalah Langkah awal dalam menjawab tuntutan masyarakat untuk informasi yang lebih jelas. Pengurai ini berfokus secara khusus pada hubungan antara pasar karbon, hutan, dan hak-hak masyarakat adat.

Author: Forest Peoples Programme
Date: 2023
Location: Worldwide
Language: Portuguese
Type of resource: Briefing
Topics: Carbon accounting, Climate, Global South, Land use
Summary:

Durante décadas, os povos indígenas e os seus representantes exigiram que todas as políticas,financiamento e iniciativas destinadas a enfrentar a crise climática respeitassem e protegessem os seus direitos, culturas, meios de subsistência e conhecimentos. Insistiram em ser tratados como atores centrais – e como detentores de direitos – na concepção e implementação de soluções climáticas.

Uma solução climática proposta, que vem rapidamente ganhando atenção nas discussões climáticas em todos os níveis, são os "mercados de carbono".

Muitos povos e comunidades indígenas já estão sendo confrontados com os desenvolvimentos do mercado de carbono em seus territórios e estão expressando que precisam de mais informações sobre esse tópico para entender o que esses mercados podem significar para eles. A linguagem técnica e complexa que é frequentemente usada nas discussões sobre esses mercados não está ajudando. Esta curta série de “explicadores” é um primeiro passo para responder a esta procura de informações mais claras. Os explicadores concentram-se especificamente no vínculo entre os mercados de carbono, as florestas e os direitos dos povos indígenas

Author: Forest Peoples Programme
Date: 2023
Location: Worldwide
Language: Spanish
Type of resource: Briefing
Topics: Carbon accounting, Climate, Global South, Land use
Summary:

Por décadas, los pueblos indígenas y sus representantes han exigido que todas las políticas, financiación e iniciativas destinadas a abordar la crisis climática respeten y protejan sus derechos, culturas, medios de vida y conocimientos. Han insistido en ser tratados como actores centrales, y como titulares de derechos, en el diseño y la implementación de soluciones climáticas.

Una solución climática propuesta, que ha ido ganando rápidamente atención en los debates sobre el clima a todos los niveles, son los "mercados de carbono".

Muchos pueblos y comunidades indígenas ya se están viendo enfrentados a la evolución de los mercados de carbono en sus territorios y están expresando que necesitan más información sobre este tema para comprender lo que estos mercados pueden significar para ellos. El lenguaje técnico y complejo que se utiliza a menudo en los debates en torno a estos mercados no ayuda. Esta breve serie de documentos "explicativos " es un primer paso para responder a la demanda de información más clara por parte de las comunidades. Los explicativos se centran específicamente en el vínculo entre los mercados de carbono, los bosques y los derechos de los pueblos indígenas.

Author: Forest Peoples Programme
Date: 2023
Location: Worldwide
Language: French
Type of resource: Briefing
Topics: Carbon accounting, Climate, Global South, Land use
Summary:

Pendant des décennies, les peuples autochtones et leurs représentants ont exigé que tous les financements, les politiques et les initiatives visant à lutter contre la crise climatique, soient soumis à une obligation de respect et de protection de leurs droits, leurs cultures, leurs moyens de subsistance et leurs savoirs. Ils ont insisté pour être traités comme des acteurs clés – et des ayants droit – de la conception et de la mise en oeuvre de solutions pour le climat.

Les "marchés du carbone" sont l'une des solutions proposées pour lutter contre le changement climatique, qui a rapidement attiré l'attention dans les discussions sur le climat à tous les niveaux.

De nombreux peuples et communautés autochtones sont déjà confrontés à l'évolution du marché du carbone sur leur territoire et font savoir qu'ils ont besoin de plus d'informations sur ce sujet pour comprendre ce que ces marchés pourraient signifier pour eux. Le langage technique et complexe qui est souvent utilisé dans les discussions sur ces marchés n'aide pas. Ces explications condensées constituent une première réponse aux communautés qui demandent plus de clarté dans les informations fournies sur le sujet. Elles se concentrent plus précisément sur le lien existant entre les marchés du carbone, les forêts et les droits des peuples autochtones.

Author: Forest Peoples Programme
Date: 2023
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: Briefing
Topics: Carbon accounting, Climate, Global South, Land use
Summary:

For decades, indigenous peoples and their representatives have demanded that all policies, funding and initiatives aimed at addressing the climate crisis must respect and protect their rights, cultures, livelihoods and knowledge. They have insisted on being treated as central actors – and as rights holders – in the design and implementation of climate solutions.

One proposed climate solution, which has rapidly been gaining attention in climate discussions at all levels is ‘carbon markets’.

Many indigenous peoples and communities are already confronted by carbon market developments in their territories and are expressing that they need more information on this topic to understand what these markets might mean for them. The technical and complex language that is often used in discussions around these markets is not helping. This short series of ‘explainers’ is a first step in responding to the demand from communities for clearer information. The explainers focus specifically on the link between carbon markets, forests and indigenous peoples’ rights and includes explainers that will help communities identify the questions they need to ask and consider to make their own self-determined decisions about carbon markets.

Author: Franziska Haupt, Erin D. Matson, Anna Rynearson, Imogen Long et al.
Date: 2023
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: Report
Topics: Forests and Biodiversity, Policy
Summary:

Nothing less than a radical transformation of development pathways, finance flows, and governance effectiveness and enforcement is required to shift the world’s trajectory to achieve the 2030 forest goals.

Through a comprehensive analysis across four main chapters-- Overarching forest goals (Theme 1), Sustainable production and development (Theme 2), Finance for forests (Theme 3), and Forest governance (Theme 4), along with 7 country case studies and a set of Recommendations—the 2023 Forest Declaration Assessment sheds light on the state of global forest action.

Translations of the Executive Summary into Spanish, Portuguese, French, Indonesian Bahasa, and Japanese are available: https://forestdeclaration.org/resources/forest-declaration-assessment-2023/

Author: Alexandra Wisner, Robert K. Musil, Ph.D., M.P.H., Ananya Gupta, Chris Gendell,
Date: 2022
Location: Country - United States
Language: English
Type of resource: Report
Topics: Bioeconomy, Climate, Forests and Biodiversity
Summary:

Bad Business takes a detailed look at the money behind the wood pellet industry that is clear-cutting America’s forests and producing pollution and climate change. In this powerful sequel to Clear Cut, the RCC’s widely praised exposé of the damage and injustices caused by wood pellet production, Bad Business shows that the growing, but little understood, woody biomass energy industry is propped up by mistaken counting rules and a host of subsidies, credits, and tax incentives. Woody biomass energy also burdens rate and taxpayers with additional costs through its destruction of natural forests that filter the air and water, prevent run-off and flooding, and absorb greenhouse gases.

Bad Business decisively describes how wood pellet production is neither renewable, carbon neutral, nor cost competitive through a close comparison with truly renewable energy sources like wind and solar.

Author: Rachel Carson Council’s (RCC)
Date: 2019
Location: Country - United States
Language: English
Type of resource: Briefing
Topics: Bioeconomy, Climate, Forests and Biodiversity
Summary:

Wood Pellets are a carbon-intense fuel source created from clear cutting and other destructive forestry
techniques in order to produce electricity. Southeastern forests are cut down, ground up and dehydrated
before being shipped around the world in what is often touted as a clean, environmentally safe alternative
to fossil fuels.

Clear Cut unearths the truth behind this willful disinformation by exploring complex political and economic
forces at play supporting this destructive industry - using North Carolina as a case study.

A Factsheet of the report

Author: Alexandra Wisner, Robert K. Musil, Ph.D, M.P.H., Shom Tiwari, William McAulif
Date: 2019
Location: Country - United States
Language: English
Type of resource: Report
Topics: Bioeconomy, Climate, Forests and Biodiversity
Summary:

Clear Cut, takes a comprehensive look at the forces driving the wood pellet industry’s hold in the United States. Industrial-scale wood pellets have been globally touted as a ‘green’ technology to lessen dependence on fossil fuels. However, burning wood pellets is worse for climate change than coal, one of the dirtiest fossil fuels, drives the massive clear cutting of US forests in the southeast and harms the health of surrounding communities. With an in-depth case study of Enviva in North Carolina, Clear Cut analyzes the unjust economics and politics behind why the industry has been allowed to continue and what the adverse effects have been.

Author: Emma Brentjens, Ana Young Rachel, Nicole Masarova, Claudia Steiner & Robert K. Musil, Ph.D., M.P.H.
Date: 2023
Location: Country - United States
Language: English
Type of resource: Report
Topics: Bioeconomy, Climate, Forests and Biodiversity, Health
Summary:

Greenwashing: A Report on the Corporate Selling of Polluting Wood Pellet Production is the Rachel Carson Council’s (RCC) third comprehensive report exposing the wood pellet industry, following Clear Cut and Bad Business which respectively explore the “forces driving the wood pellet industry’s hold in the United States” and the “money behind the wood pellet industry.” Each report in the series discusses the severe environmental and climate damage caused by wood pellet production in the United States (U.S.).

Greenwashing offers a new perspective, shedding light on the deceptive claims made by and misinformation surrounding the industry that has increased wood pellet production and retarded remedies. It makes a compelling case for the U.S. to abandon entirely the practice of burning wood pellets for fuel.

Author: James Hewitt
Date: 2023
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: Report
Topics: Bioeconomy, Forests and Biodiversity
Summary:

An increasing number of industries are committing to transition to a bioeconomy, to replace everything from cotton to plastic to concrete with biomass alternatives. They are supported by a European policy environment that is encouraging this shift. But what does this mean for forests?

Fern and denkhausbremen commissioned a report to give an overview of current and projected levels of EU wood production; uses and impacts on forests, the climate and biodiversity.

Author: WWF EU
Date: 2023
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: Report
Topics: Climate, Policy
Summary:

While the EU has made progress in recent years on cutting emissions, the accelerating climate emergency requires
much more rapid action in all sectors, and for all EU policies to be pulling in the same direction.

Based on the outputs of a series of stakeholder workshops, organised with the support of Transport & Environment and E3G and drawing on analysis by the Ecologic Institute, WWF identified which EU policies are doing the most damage to the EU’s climate goals. Bioenergy policies are identified as the worst offender.