Biomass Energy, Forests and Climate Library

Welcome to the Biomass Energy, Forests and Climate library. It has been brought together by the Forest, Climate and Biomass Working Group of the Environmental Paper Network. We want activists, communities, scholars – anyone who’s interested in forest biomass issues – to be able to find all the key resources in one place. So we’ve gathered together key resources that present case studies and explain the science behind biomass energy and its impacts on forests and climate.

To use the library, you’ll see that the resources are organised into a few categories, so you can search by topic, geographic location, date and language. You can also use the search box to enter anything you like that might help you in your search – key words, authors, organisations, whatever will lead you to what you want.

When you get results for your search, it’ll tell you how many resources that has identified and, for each one, it will show you what sort of resource it is – pdf document, video, etc – and will give a short summary of what it contains. Click on the title to be taken straight to the resource itself. If you want to find out more about the organisation that produced the resource or the publication in which it was published, click on the Organisation/Publication name and it will take you to their web page.

If you have any suggestions for resources we should have in this library or any comments about it, please contact us. You may also find our Frequently Asked Questions helpful.

99 RESULTS

Author: Polish Scientists
Date: 2020
Location: Country - Poland
Language:
Type of resource: Letter
Topics: Biomass
Summary:

Author: Polish Scientists
Date: 2020
Location: Country - Poland
Language: English
Type of resource: Letter
Topics: Biomass, Biomass science
Summary:

Author: N.L. Stephenson et al.
Date: 2014
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: Journal article
Topics:
Summary:

Here we present a global analysis of 403 tropical and temperate tree species, showing that for most species mass growth rate increases continuously with tree size.

Author: The scientific community
Date: 2021
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: Letter
Topics: Biomass, Biomass science, Forests, Lobbying
Summary:

Letter Regarding Use of Forests for Bioenergy to President Biden, President von der Leyen, President Michel, Prime Minister Suga, and President Moon signed by around 500 scientists, February 2021

Author: Anan M Osuri et al.
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Asia
Language: English
Type of resource: Research paper
Topics: Biomass, Forest Carbon, Forests, plantations
Summary:

Tree plantations and forest restoration are leading strategies for enhancing terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration and mitigating climate change. While it is well established that species-rich natural forests offer superior C sequestering benefits relative to short-rotation commercial monoculture plantations, differences in rates of C capture and storage between longer-lived plantations (commercial or non-commercial) and natural forests remain unclear. Using a natural experiment in the Western Ghats of India, where late-20th century conservation laws prohibited timber extraction from monodominant plantations and natural forests within nature reserves, we assessed forests and plantations for aboveground C storage and the magnitude and temporal stability of rates of photosynthetic C capture (gross primary production). Specifically, we tested the hypothesis that species-rich forests show greater temporal stability of C capture, and are more resistant to drought, than monodominant plantations.
Note: This paper is highly relevant to biomass energy which commonly involves conversion of forests to tree plantations

Author: Center for Econics and Ecosystem Management, et al.
Date: 2020
Location: Worldwide
Language: German
Type of resource: Research paper
Topics: Carbon Accounting, climate change, Forest Carbon
Summary:

"Wälder sind Kohlenstoffspeicher Holzverbrennung ist nicht klimaneutral"
A statement by research institutes in Germany, including the Centre for Econics and Ecosystem Management, Hochschule für nachhaltige Entwicklung, Naturwald Akademie and Deutsche Umweltstiftung, published in March 2020

Author: Simon Thorn et.al
Date: 2020
Location: Worldwide
Language:
Type of resource: Journal article
Topics: Biomass, Forest Ecology, Logging residues
Summary:

The article explains the importance of increasing the amount of deadwood, including logging residues left in forests and highlights how their increased removal for biomass energy contributes to forest degradation.

Author: John Talberth and Liana Olson
Date: 2021
Location: Continent - North America, Country - United States
Language: English
Type of resource: Report
Topics: Biomass, Carbon Accounting, climate change, Deforestation, Forests
Summary:

North Carolina has 19 million acres of forest, which store nearly 1.3 trillion tons of carbon. While this sounds impressive, logging destroys forest carbon in North Carolina each year. Logging is third in the state’s carbon emissions, behind electricity and transportation. Logging degrades our carbon stores, forest quality, and resilience to future natural disasters. Yet, the true costs of logging hide in forest “net growth” – that a forest is growing more than it’s cut. Dogwood Alliance have put together a two-part report which explores these issues in more depth (Part 1: Forest Carbon Accounting; Part 2: Climate Impacts and Smart Solutions) This is Part 2 of the report.

Author: Lucie Wuethrich
Date: 2021
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: Images
Topics: Biomass, biomassdelusion, Infographic
Summary:

A set of 3 images highlighting the cost to forests of burning pellets made from trees.

Author: Linde Zuidema
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: Research paper
Topics: Biomass, Carbon Accounting, Climate finance, Policy and Law
Summary:

Research paper that considers whether current State aid rules for solid biomass are still fit for purpose, which reveals an important discrepancy between the specific way in which biomass support is treated by the current rules and the rationale and objectives of the current State aid regime for renewable energy.

Author: Mary S. Booth
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO report
Topics: Biomass, Climate, Forests, Policy and Law
Summary:

A scientific and legal analysis of why “sustainability” protections in the EU’s recast Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) provide cover for continued logging, GHG emissions, and forest damage from biomass harvesting.

Author: Jacopo Giuntoli and Stephanie Searle
Date: 2019
Location: No specific location
Language: English
Type of resource: Research paper
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Climate, Forests, greenhouse gas emissions
Summary:

Review of evidence on the impact of demand for bioenergy on forests, concluding that the available evidence doesn’t support assumptions that bioenergy demand will improve forest management and encourage new planting and that oolicymakers should not assume that forest bioenergy will significantly mitigate climate change.

Author: Moerenhout, Joris, Smith, Matthew, Badouard, Thierry, Regel, Sofie de, Moreira de Oliveira, Debora, Guevara Opinska, Liliana, Hoogland, Onne, Fazekas, Dora, Altman, Matthias, Lemoine, Peter, Gorenstein Dedecca, João, Rademaekers, Koen, Thuring, Mihaela, Heald, Sophie
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: Research paper
Topics: Biomass, Carbon Accounting, Climate, Policy and Law
Summary:

Europe-wide analysis of (1) the cost of energy (LCOE); (2) network costs; (3) external costs of energy; (4) energy taxes; (5) energy subsidies; and, (6) energy investments, concluding that biomass energy and fossil fuels have the highest energy costs.

Author: Paulo Lucas
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe, Country - Portugal
Language: Portuguese
Type of resource: Video
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Forests
Summary:

A film exploring the negative impacts of biomass energy generation in Portugal.

Author: Dietrich Rabenstein
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Africa, Continent - Europe, Country - Germany
Language: German
Type of resource: NGO report
Topics: Africa, Biomass Power Stations, Climate, development, Forests, Wood pellet production
Summary:

An analysis of the possible impacts of burning Namibian bushwood in Hamburg, highlighting that it would involve increases in greenhouse gas emissions. Full report in German.