Biomass Energy, Forests and Climate Library

Welcome to the Biomass Energy, Forests and Climate library. It has been brought together by the Forest, Climate and Biomass Working Group of the Environmental Paper Network. We want activists, communities, scholars – anyone who’s interested in forest biomass issues – to be able to find all the key resources in one place. So we’ve gathered together key resources that present case studies and explain the science behind biomass energy and its impacts on forests and climate.

To use the library, you’ll see that the resources are organised into a few categories, so you can search by topic, geographic location, date and language. You can also use the search box to enter anything you like that might help you in your search – key words, authors, organisations, whatever will lead you to what you want.

When you get results for your search, it’ll tell you how many resources that has identified and, for each one, it will show you what sort of resource it is – pdf document, video, etc – and will give a short summary of what it contains. Click on the title to be taken straight to the resource itself. If you want to find out more about the organisation that produced the resource or the publication in which it was published, click on the Organisation/Publication name and it will take you to their web page.

If you have any suggestions for resources we should have in this library or any comments about it, please contact us. You may also find our Frequently Asked Questions helpful.

90 RESULTS

Author: Linde Zuidema
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: Research paper
Topics: Biomass, Carbon Accounting, Climate finance, Policy and Law
Summary:

Research paper that considers whether current State aid rules for solid biomass are still fit for purpose, which reveals an important discrepancy between the specific way in which biomass support is treated by the current rules and the rationale and objectives of the current State aid regime for renewable energy.

Author: Mary S. Booth
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO report
Topics: Biomass, Climate, Forests, Policy and Law
Summary:

A scientific and legal analysis of why “sustainability” protections in the EU’s recast Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) provide cover for continued logging, GHG emissions, and forest damage from biomass harvesting.

Author: Jacopo Giuntoli and Stephanie Searle
Date: 2019
Location: No specific location
Language: English
Type of resource: Research paper
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Climate, Forests, greenhouse gas emissions
Summary:

Review of evidence on the impact of demand for bioenergy on forests, concluding that the available evidence doesn’t support assumptions that bioenergy demand will improve forest management and encourage new planting and that oolicymakers should not assume that forest bioenergy will significantly mitigate climate change.

Author: Moerenhout, Joris, Smith, Matthew, Badouard, Thierry, Regel, Sofie de, Moreira de Oliveira, Debora, Guevara Opinska, Liliana, Hoogland, Onne, Fazekas, Dora, Altman, Matthias, Lemoine, Peter, Gorenstein Dedecca, João, Rademaekers, Koen, Thuring, Mihaela, Heald, Sophie
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: Research paper
Topics: Biomass, Carbon Accounting, Climate, Policy and Law
Summary:

Europe-wide analysis of (1) the cost of energy (LCOE); (2) network costs; (3) external costs of energy; (4) energy taxes; (5) energy subsidies; and, (6) energy investments, concluding that biomass energy and fossil fuels have the highest energy costs.

Author: Paulo Lucas
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe, Country - Portugal
Language: Portuguese
Type of resource: Video
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Forests
Summary:

A film exploring the negative impacts of biomass energy generation in Portugal.

Author: Dietrich Rabenstein
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Africa, Continent - Europe, Country - Germany
Language: German
Type of resource: NGO report
Topics: Africa, Biomass Power Stations, Climate, development, Forests, Wood pellet production
Summary:

An analysis of the possible impacts of burning Namibian bushwood in Hamburg, highlighting that it would involve increases in greenhouse gas emissions. Full report in German.

Author: Dietrich Rabenstein
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Africa, Continent - Europe, Country - Germany
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO report
Topics: Africa, Biomass Power Stations, Climate, development, Forests, Wood pellet production
Summary:

An analysis of the possible impacts of burning Namibian bushwood in Hamburg, highlighting that it would involve increases in greenhouse gas emissions.

Author: Pierre L. Ibisch, Torsten Welle, Jeanette S. Blumröder, Jörg Sommer
Date: 2020
Location:
Language: German
Type of resource: Research paper
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Carbon Accounting, Forests, Wood pellet production
Summary:

Literature review of the impacts of burning woody biomass in Germany, which concludes that it is damaging to the climate.

Author: Biofuelwatch and Salva la Selva
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe, Country - Spain
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO report
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Due diligence, EIB
Summary:

Investigation into an EIB loan to a biomass plant in Galicia that highlights due diligence failures, resulting in the financing of a biomass plant that is below minimum efficiency standards and is environmentally damaging.

Author: Biofuelwatch
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO report
Topics: Carbon Accounting, Forests, Policy and Law, Residues
Summary:

Briefing about the definitions and impacts of forestry and wood-industry residues, showing that the definitions are dangerously broad and hence that limiting subsidies to burning wood from 'residues', let alone so-called ‘low-value’ wood, cannot protect climate, forests, and biodiversity.

Author: Share Action
Date: 2019
Location: Continent - Europe, Country - UK
Language: English
Type of resource: Position statement
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Policy and Law
Summary:

Briefing for UK parliamentarians on why biomass should not be treated as a renewable energy source

Author: Soojin Kim, Joojin Kim, Solutions For Our Climate
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Asia, Country - South Korea
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO Report
Topics: Policy and Law
Summary:

Biomass is jeopardizing Korea’s renewable energy sector and negating global efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The rapid growth of biomass energy in Korea has shown a threatening trajectory, yet the root causes of this predicament remains unattended. This report aims to enhance the understanding of biomass power policy, and to analyze major socioeconomic, political and environmental drivers of problems associated with biomass power in South Korea. In this report, Solutions for Our Climate (SFOC) has included key policy recommendations to address the problems associated with biomass.

Author: Environmental Paper Network
Date: 2019
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO Report
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Forests, Wood pellet production
Summary:

Two interactive maps one on pellet facilities and the other on bioenergy plants have been produced from openly available sources and information provided members of the EPN Forests, Climate and Biomass working group worldwide. This is a constant work in progress and the maps will be updated regularly as new information becomes available. You are welcome to contribute to our data gathering or provide any new or updated data.

Author: Environmental Paper Network
Date: 2018
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO Report
Topics: Forests, Wood pellet production
Summary:

There is a new and growing threat to the world’s forests, people and climate – the biomass energy industry. Wood pellets are the major commodity feeding this industry.
This report outlines the evolution of this threat and maps its frightening expansion in scale and global extent now and over the next ten years.

Author: Natural Resources Defense Council
Date: 2015
Location: No specific location
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO Report
Topics: Background, climate science, Wood pellet production
Summary:

Biomass is often described as a clean, renewable fuel and a greener alternative to coal and other fossil fuels for producing electricity. But recent science shows that many forms of biomass especially from forests produce higher carbon emissions compared to fossil fuels. In particular, a growing body of peer-reviewed, scientific studies shows that burning wood from whole trees in power plants to produce electricity can increase carbon emissions relative to fossil fuels for many decades anywhere from 35 to 100 years.1 This time period is significant: climate policy imperatives require dramatic short-term reductions in greenhouse gases, and these emissions will persist in the atmosphere well past the time when significant reductions are needed.