Biomass Energy, Forests and Climate Library

Welcome to the Biomass Energy, Forests and Climate library. It has been brought together by the Forest, Climate and Biomass Working Group of the Environmental Paper Network. We want activists, communities, scholars – anyone who’s interested in forest biomass issues – to be able to find all the key resources in one place. So we’ve gathered together key resources that present case studies and explain the science behind biomass energy and its impacts on forests and climate.

To use the library, you’ll see that the resources are organised into a few categories, so you can search by topic, geographic location, date and language. You can also use the search box to enter anything you like that might help you in your search – key words, authors, organisations, whatever will lead you to what you want.

When you get results for your search, it’ll tell you how many resources that has identified and, for each one, it will show you what sort of resource it is – pdf document, video, etc – and will give a short summary of what it contains. Click on the title to be taken straight to the resource itself. If you want to find out more about the organisation that produced the resource or the publication in which it was published, click on the Organisation/Publication name and it will take you to their web page.

If you have any suggestions for resources we should have in this library or any comments about it, please contact us. You may also find our Frequently Asked Questions helpful.

90 RESULTS

Author: Natural Resources Defense Council
Date: 2015
Location: Continent - North America, Country - United States
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO Report
Topics: Biodiversity, Biomass Power Stations, Forests, Human Impact, Wood pellet production
Summary:

A report that reveals the potential scale of the threat to southeastern bottomland hardwood forests from wood pellet mills in the region. Millions of acres of vulnerable bottomland hardwood forests which provide critical habitat to a host of rare species and deliver important ecosystem services to local communities are in the bull’s eye of existing and proposed wood pellet mills’ potential sourcing areas.

Author: Natural Resources Defense Council
Date: 2017
Location: Continent - Europe, Country - UK
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO Report
Topics: Biomass Power Stations
Summary:

A study commissioned by the Natural Resources Defense Council and conducted by Vivid Economics indicates that by 2025, electricity from coal-to-biomass conversions will not be one of the three lowest-cost forms of electricity in the United Kingdom, and will not be needed to ensure reliability of electricity supply as the country phases out coal. According to the findings, any new biomass capacity constructed will be outcompeted by lower cost generation and will thus be an obsolete asset within the decade. Continuing to support biomass conversion through a Contract-for-Difference could result in the country paying an excess implicit subsidy of over £360 million compared to wind energy.

Author: Natural Resources Defense Council and Dogwood Alliance
Date: 2017
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO Report
Topics: Forests, Policy and Law, Sustainability
Summary:

A study by the Natural Resources Defense Council and Dogwood Alliance spotlights critical flaws in the Sustainable Biomass Program (SBP) standard and raises serious questions about the standard’s ability to provide credible assurances of biomass sustainability and carbon emissions intensity.

Author: Ember
Date: 2020
Location: Continent - Europe, Country - UK
Language: English
Type of resource: Research institution report
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Policy and Law
Summary:

A new report from climate change think tank Ember reveals the cost of burning wood for power, with energy billpayers committed to subsidies of more than £13 billion, including £10bn at Drax power station alone. In addition to the direct subsidy, we estimate biomass generators are receiving carbon tax breaks of £333 million a year.

Author: Oakland Institute
Date: 2015
Location: Continent - Africa
Language: English
Type of resource: Video
Topics: Biodiversity, Human Impact, LULUCF
Summary:

Slide show illustrating the impact of land grabs on people, economies and the environment.

Author: EDSP Eco Foundation
Date: 2019
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: Video
Topics: Background, climate science
Summary:

Video explaining why biomass energy isn't carbon neutral.

Author: Birdlife, European Environmental Bureau and Transport & Environment
Date: 2010
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO Report
Topics: Carbon Accounting, climate science, LULUCF
Summary:

A report of two research papers, which demonstrate the climate implications of biomass carbon debt and the accounting gap of reporting carbon from biomass harvesting under LULUCF.

Author: Biofuelwatch
Date: 2014
Location: No specific location
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO Report
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, health, Human Impact
Summary:

Briefing on potential health impacts of burning wood in power stations which suggests that burning wood produces a wide range of air pollutants, not dissimilar to burning coal.

Author: Ben Allen, Bettina Kretschmer, David Baldock, Henrietta Menadue, Silvia Nanni, Graham Tucke
Date: 2014
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO report
Topics: climate science, LULUCF
Summary:

Analysis of the potential energy production from growing biomass on "spare" land in the European Union, which shows that the data on land is sparse, the area of land available is limited and the overall energy potential from growing dedicated energy crops on such land is very low.

Author: Benoit Grimont
Date: 2015
Location: Continent - Europe, Country - France
Language: French
Type of resource: Video
Topics: Biodiversity, Biomass Power Stations, Forests, Human Impact
Summary:

Film examining the environmental and social impacts of the coal-to-biomass conversion of the power station at Gardanne, Provence.

Author: Fred Pearce
Date: 2015
Location: Continent - Europe, Country - France, Country - Romania, Country - Slovakia, Country - UK
Language: English
Type of resource: NGO Report
Topics: Biodiversity, Biomass Power Stations, Forests, Human Impact
Summary:

Case study report highlighting the destructive impact of the biomass industry.

Author: Dogwood Alliance
Date: 2015
Location: Continent - North America, Country - United States
Language: English
Type of resource: Video
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Forests, Human Impact, Wood pellet production
Summary:

Video explaining the health and environment impacts of wood pellet plants on a rural community.

Author: Dogwood Alliance
Date: 2015
Location: Continent - Europe
Language: English
Type of resource: Video
Topics: Biomass Power Stations, Forests, Wood pellet production
Summary:

Video summarising the threats to US forests from the biomass energy industry.

Author: Janis Abolins & Janis Gravitis
Date: 2015
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: Peer reviewed publication
Topics: Forests, LULUCF
Summary:

Research looking at energy production from woody biomass. The authors argue that generating electricity by burning wood is an extremely inefficient use of land under conditions of sustainable supply of the fuel and conclude that transfer to bio-energy without radical changes in the existing economic system would further aggravate the environmental crisis.

Author: David L. Achat, Mathieu Fortin, Guy Landmann, Bruno Ringeval and Laurent Augusto
Date: 2015
Location: Worldwide
Language: English
Type of resource: Peer reviewed publication
Topics: climate science, Forests
Summary:

An analysis which shows that intensive biomass harvests could constitute an important source of carbon transfer from forests to the atmosphere, partly neutralizing the role of a carbon sink played by forest soils.