FSC

Red LineText of policiesCommentsScore
Regulatory requirements
Ensure LegalityPrinciple 1: Compliance with Laws
The Organization shall comply with all applicable laws, regulations and nationally- ratified
international treaties, conventions and agreements.
This criteria is well protected for the certified forestry operations, but does not cover the mills.partly
No Corruption and Tax Evasion1.7 The Organization shall publicize a commitment not to offer or receive bribes in money or any other form of corruption, and shall comply with anti-corruption legislation where this exists. In the absence of anti-corruption legislation, The Organization shall implement other anti-corruption measures proportionate to the scale and intensity of management activities and the risk of corruption.This criteria is well protected for the certified forestry operations, but does not cover the mills.partly
Ensure ESIA for mills and plantationsNot covered in the FSC documentation.not
Social requirements
Ensure FPIC3.2 The Organization shall recognize and uphold the legal and customary rights of Indigenous Peoples
to maintain control over management activities within or related to the Management Unit to the extent
necessary to protect their rights, resources and lands and territories. Delegation by Indigenous Peoples
of control over management activities to third parties requires Free, Prior and Informed Consent.
This criteria is well protected in the certified forestry operations, for indigenous people, but does not cover other traditional communities nor impacts from the mills.partly
Respect Human Rights2.1 The Organization shall uphold the principles and rights at work as defined in the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998) based on the eight ILO Core Labour Conventions.This criteria is well protected in the certified forestry operations, but does not cover workers from mills.partly
Respect Indigenous rights and customary land use rights3.2 The Organization shall recognize and uphold the legal and customary rights of Indigenous Peoples
to maintain control over management activities within or related to the Management Unit to the extent
necessary to protect their rights, resources and lands and territories. Delegation by Indigenous Peoples
of control over management activities to third parties requires Free, Prior and Informed Consent.
This criteria is well protected in the certified forestry operations, for indigenous people, but does not cover other traditional communities nor impacts from the mills.partly
No forced resettlement3.2 The Organization shall recognize and uphold the legal and customary rights of Indigenous Peoples
to maintain control over management activities within or related to the Management Unit to the extent
necessary to protect their rights, resources and lands and territories. Delegation by Indigenous Peoples
of control over management activities to third parties requires Free, Prior and Informed Consent.
This criteria is well protected in the certified forestry operations, for indigenous people, but does not cover other traditional communities nor impacts from the mills.partly
Environmental Requirements
No forest degradation and deforestation6.4 The Organization shall protect rare species and threatened species and their habitats in the Management Unit through conservation zones, protection areas, connectivity and/or (where necessary) other direct measures for their survival and viability.

6.9 The Organization shall not convert natural forest to plantations, nor natural forests or plantations on sites directly converted from natural forest to non-forest land use, except when the conversion:
a) affects a very limited portion of the area of the Management Unit, and
b) will produce clear, substantial, additional, secure long-term conservation benefits in the Management Unit, and
c) does not damage or threaten High Conservation Values, nor any sites or resources necessary to maintain or enhance those High Conservation Values.

Principle 9: High Conservation Values
The Organization shall maintain and/or enhance the High Conservation Values in the Management Unit through applying the precautionary approach.
Elements 1,2,4 and 6 are well protected, but the policy does not protect High Carbon Stock areas, not areas where restoration is taking place.partly
Protect endangered species6.4 The Organization shall protect rare species and threatened species and their habitats in the Management Unit through conservation zones, protection areas, connectivity and/or (where necessary) other direct measures for their survival and viability.

Principle 9: High Conservation Values
The Organization shall maintain and/or enhance the High Conservation Values in the Management Unit through applying the precautionary approach.
HCV 1 - Species diversity. Concentrations of biological diversity including endemic species, and rare, threatened or endangered species, that are significant at global, regional or national levels.

Threatened species: Species that meet the IUCN (2001) criteria for Vulnerable (VU), Endangered (EN) or
Critically Endangered (CR), and are facing a high, very high or extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
The policy provides protection for threatened species, which are defined as those on the IUCN Red list.well
No high-risk species10.3 The Organization shall only use alien species when knowledge and/or experience have shown that any invasive impacts can be controlled and effective mitigation measures are in place.

10.4 The Organization shall not use genetically modified organisms in the Management Unit.
The policy prohibits the use of GMO's and does limit the use of alien species, but is not clear on what could be used as proof of knowledge that their impacts can be managed.partly
No fireNot covered in the policynot
Protect peatNot covered in the policynot
No persistent pollution10.7 The Organization shall use integrated pest management and silviculture systems which avoid, or aim at eliminating, the use of chemical pesticides. The Organization shall not use any chemical pesticides prohibited by FSC policy. (...)

FSC Pesticides Policy
3.1 FSC classifies Highly Hazardous Pesticides (HHPs) into three categories based on prioritized hazard groups and criteria, as follows:
a) FSC prohibited HHPs are chemical pesticides that:
• are listed or recommended for listing under Annex A (elimination) of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants or Annex III of the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure or listed under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer.
• are acutely toxic and can induce cancer (carcinogenic and likely to be carcinogenic); or,
• contain dioxins; or,
• contain heavy metals.
(...)
FSC has requirements regarding the use fo hazardous pesticides, but it does not cover the use of chemicals by pulp mills.partly
Corporate association / scope of the policy
Corporate association / scope of the policyFSC Policy of Association with Organizations
1 FSC will only allow its association with organizations that are not directly or indirectly involved in the following unacceptable activities:
a) Illegal logging or the trade in illegal wood or forest products
b) Violation of traditional and human rights in forestry operations
c) Destruction of high conservation values in forestry operations
d) Significant conversion of forests to plantations or non-forest use
e) Introduction of genetically modified organisms in forestry operations
f) Violation of any of the ILO Core Conventions
This criteria is well protected for the items mentioned in the policy, but not for others, like the use of pesticides and chemicals or the protection of peat.partly